GAIA's note on medical waste. Hospitals generate large volumes of waste that can be highly toxic and infectious, and burning and dumping this waste threatens human and environmental health. In order to fulfill the medical ethic to "first do no harm," the health care industry has a responsibility to manage waste in ways that protect the public and the environment.
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GAIA's note on toxic materials. Toxic materials are everywhere - from heavy metals in electronics to flame retardants in furniture and clothing, pesticides in our food, and harmful chemicals in plastics. Yet safer alternatives exist, and governments have a responsibility to protect public health by ensuring that all products be made in a way that's safe for humans and the environment.
GAIA's note on consumption. Our current consumption habits are fueling a global waste crisis. We simply cannot run a one-way, linear system of extraction->production->distribution->consumption->disposal indefinitely on a finite planet. The solution lies in decreasing the amount we consume, and making sure that products are designed to be less toxic, longer-lasting, and easy to recycle.
GAIA's note on zero waste. Zero waste means reducing what we trash in landfills and incinerators to zero. Most things can and should be safely and economically recycled or reused. We also need to simply use less and redesign our products so that they are toxic-free and built to last.
GAIA's note on clean production. Clean Production is a way of designing products and manufacturing processes in harmony with natural ecological cycles. It takes a life cycle view of all materials flows, from extraction of the raw material to product manufacture and the ultimate fate of the product at the end of its life.
GAIA's note on extended producer responsibility. To get to the root cause of waste, communities need to stop picking up after the producers of products that become waste and begin demanding that they do so themselves. The embodiment of this idea is Extended Producer Responsibility, which requires companies that manufacture or sell products to be responsible for such products after their useful life.
GAIA's note on medical waste management. In order to fulfill the medical ethic to "first do no harm," health care providers have a responsibility to manage waste in ways that protect the public and the environment. The first step is waste minimization and separation, and the next is treating infectious waste to prevent the spread of disease.
Groundwork's overview of alternative fuels and raw materials (AFR). Explains the points most often used as justifications of AFR, emissions of toxics from used tyres, and different kinds of alternative fuels. The term "Alternative Fuels" is generally a euphemism for waste.
Groundwork's cement kiln portal top page. It outlines the general description of waste burning in cement kilns, and the manufacturing process of cement. All around the world communities are fighting cement kilns. With the current drive to reduce CO2 emissions, save on the cost of fuel and get rid of all kinds of waste, many cement companies are burning, or considering burning, what are politely called "alternative fuels" but should really be called waste.
Groundwork's well-summarized report on energy and fuel in cement kilns. Shows how different fuels affet the emission levels of toxics from cement kilns, how mercury or dioxin is emitted. Because the process of turning limestone into clinker requires high temperatures, the cement industry is one of the most energy intensive industries, consuming about 10 times more energy than the average required by industry in general.