Chapter 1 » introduces carbon trading, how it works and some of the actors involved. Chapter 2 » explores the origins and key actors involved in building the architecture of emissions trading. Chapter 3 » examines the performance of the EU ETS and finds that it has generously rewarded polluting companies while failing to reduce emissions.
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This report has been prepared for Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland’s work on international climate justice.
Food waste is the single largest category of municipal solid waste (MSW) in California at 5.9 million tons or 16% of total MSW as of 1999 (CIWMB, 1999). Diverting a portion of food waste from landfills can provide a significant contribution toward achieving EPA, state, and local mandated solid waste diversion goals. In addition, diverting food waste from landfills prevents uncontrolled emissions of its breakdown products, including methane—a potent greenhouse gas.
There is growing interest in the possible health threat posed by endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), which are substances in our environment, food, and consumer products that interfere with hormone biosynthesis, metabolism, or action resulting in a deviation from normal homeostatic control or reproduction.
Over the past 10 years it was discovered that especially during start-up periods of (even state of art) incinerators the dioxin emissions in the flue-gas can increase compared to normal operation up to factors of 1000 in raw gas and after bagfilter. Another study quantified that around 40 % of the yearly dioxin emissions of a plant are produced and emitted during the 4 start-ups in one year.
The current situation of waste picking and recycling in India.
groundWork's report about the role of the informal recoverers and their influence of waste management systems. Case studies from South-African municipalities are presented. Includes Msunduzi's Attempt to Eradicate Reclaiming, the struggle against enclosure in Metsimaholo Municipality, Inclusion and Support for Reclaimers in Emfuleni, Reclaiming in Three Municipalities, and policy recommendations.
Management of burgeoning solid wastes has become a critical issue for almost all the major cities in India. Although the responsibility of solid waste management remains primarily with the municipal bodies, several other stakeholder groups play significant roles in the process. In the Indian scenario the so-called waste pickers, who come from highly vulnerable social backgrounds, play a unique role.
This report is based on a study of 103 waste recyclers. It shows that the sector has been impacted by the crash in prices of scrap which happened from April to December 2008. 70% of those interviewed stated that their work was bad or very bad. Of these, 14% identified the drop in share prices as a cause of the price crash. The study revealed that wastepickers were being forced to liquidate their assets, including those kept aside for emergencies.
The Landfill Gas to Energy (LFGTE) Task Force was asked to evaluate whether LFGTE facilities decrease or increase net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We have unanimously concluded that reliance on landfill gas to generate electricity results in increased net GHG emissions.