In recent years, the European Commission has continuously developed the tool of cost-benefit analysis to better inform decision-makers in the process of settling on new directives and regulations concerning the environment. However, according to the Terms of Reference of this assignment “most studies in the field of waste have been restricted to an analysis of costs and, at best, a relatively superficial description of benefits”.
4 results found
Container deposits increase container recovery, reduce environmental pollution, create jobs and place the cost of recovery on those who produce and consume the containers.
Over the past 10 years it was discovered that especially during start-up periods of (even state of art) incinerators the dioxin emissions in the flue-gas can increase compared to normal operation up to factors of 1000 in raw gas and after bagfilter. Another study quantified that around 40 % of the yearly dioxin emissions of a plant are produced and emitted during the 4 start-ups in one year.
A report for UKWIN in respect of an incinerator proposed for the Battlefield site at Shrewsbury in Shropshire. It considers the climate change impacts of landfilling or incinerating residual waste in the Shropshire region. Comparisons are made between 90,000 tonnes of waste sent to incinerator and landfill over a 20 year period. Since landfill emissions continue to occur for some time after this period, total impacts are also considered over a 150 year period.