Belo Horizonte has a strong and extensive tradition in municipal planning. Waste management has been a municipal priority and concern since 1900. In the last few decades the City has been at the centre of solid waste management development in Brazil particularly regarding its approach to integration of the informal recycling sector. The Superintendência de Limpeza Urbana (SLU) was created in 1993.
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Large studies have shown higher rates of adult and childhood cancer and also birth defects around municipal waste incinerators. Incinerator emissions are a major source of fine particulates, of toxic metals and of more than 200 organic chemicals, including known carcinogens, mutagens, and hormone disrupters.
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is supposed to catalyze climate-friendly projects in low-income countries by allowing developers to generate revenue by selling “carbon credits” or “offsets.” The offset buyers — industrialized country companies and governments — use the credits to show compliance with Kyoto Protocol-mandated emissions reductions.
This paper unpacks the interaction between the informal sector and the private waste contractors and the impact of privatization on the informal sector in Delhi. It uses the unfolding of privatization in Delhi and global experiences to understand the issue and to suggest how waste can be handled in an equitable manner.
Rising levels of gases in the Earth’s atmosphere are affecting the stability of the climate. Warming of the climate system is now unequivocal, evidenced by increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea levels. Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the increase in anthropogenic (human-induced) concentrations of six greenhouse gases (GHGs).
Chapter 1 » introduces carbon trading, how it works and some of the actors involved. Chapter 2 » explores the origins and key actors involved in building the architecture of emissions trading. Chapter 3 » examines the performance of the EU ETS and finds that it has generously rewarded polluting companies while failing to reduce emissions.
This report has been prepared for Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland’s work on international climate justice.
There is growing interest in the possible health threat posed by endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), which are substances in our environment, food, and consumer products that interfere with hormone biosynthesis, metabolism, or action resulting in a deviation from normal homeostatic control or reproduction.
Summary of a study. The study seeks to provide an overview of the critical issues regarding the management of municipal and medical waste in Nairobi, especially in respect of the potential danger of generating U-POPs in the process of burning such waste. The broader objective is to assist in the development of a comprehensive waste management strategy for the city and other urban areas in the country, in the context of the provisions of the Stockholm Convention on POPs.
Over the past 10 years it was discovered that especially during start-up periods of (even state of art) incinerators the dioxin emissions in the flue-gas can increase compared to normal operation up to factors of 1000 in raw gas and after bagfilter. Another study quantified that around 40 % of the yearly dioxin emissions of a plant are produced and emitted during the 4 start-ups in one year.